Central Intelligence Agency

As a result of the need for intelligence on the Axis Powers during World War II, the Office of Strategic Services (OSS) was created. After the war, policy makers realized the need for foreign intelligence.

Catholics and Religious Liberty

The twentieth century witnessed a remarkable realignment of the Roman Catholic Church with the cause of religious liberty.

Burger Court (1969–1986)

The Burger Court was a transitional institution. It reflected the conflicting currents produced by the transition from the America of John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson to the America of Ronald Reagan and his successors.

Anti-Defamation League of B’nai B’rith

The Anti-Defamation League (ADL) was founded in 1913 by Sigmund Livingston, a Chicago lawyer, to combat the anti-Semitism and discrimination against Jews that was prevalent at the time.

Amnesty International

Amnesty International (Amnesty), an organization dedicated to advancing human rights and ending arbitrary detention, has been active worldwide for over forty years.

Amish and Religious Liberty

The Amish seem to be an unlikely group to shape American law. These simple folk distance themselves from the trappings of modernity by living in largely isolated, rural communities.

Americans United for Separation of Church and State

Americans United for Separation of Church and State (Americans United) is a Washington, D.C.- based public interest organization committed to preserving the principles of separation of church and state and religious liberty through litigation, lobbying,

American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU)

The American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) is a private nonprofit organization dedicated to the defense of civil liberties. The ACLU defines civil liberties as rights enjoyed by individuals over and against the power of government.

American Anti-Slavery Society

At its inaugural meeting on December 4, 1833, the American Anti-Slavery Society (AASS) declared an unconditional commitment to the immediate abolition of slavery and equal rights for free black men.

America Online

America Online (AOL), founded in 1985 as Quantum Computer Services and since 2000 part of Time Warner, is one of the world’s largest Internet service providers (ISPs).

Act Up

ACT UP—the AIDS Coalition to Unleash Power— came together in March 1987 out of the charismatic exhortations of author and playwright Larry Kramer.