Chicago v. Morales, 527 U.S. 41 (1999)

The City of Chicago passed an ordinance that was aimed at reducing gang presence in Chicago neighborhoods.

Chandler v. Miller, 520 U.S. 305 (1997) (Candidates)

In 1990, the Georgia legislature passed a law requiring that each candidate for state office certify that he or she had tested negative for illegal drugs.

Chandler v. Florida, 449 U.S. 560 (1981)

The Supreme Court ruled in Chandler v. Florida that the Constitution did not require an absolute ban on cameras in the courtroom, marking a significant change in its thinking on the issue.

Chambers v. Mississippi, 410 U.S. 284 (1973)

Unreasonable application of evidentiary principles against a criminal defendant may violate the U.S. Constitution on any number of grounds, including the Compulsory Process, Due Process, or Confrontation Clauses.

Chambers v. Florida, 309 U.S. 227 (1940)

Torturing a man to confess a crime is an ancient evil. Subtler pressures can also break a man. Under the Fifth Amendment, Bram v. United States, and the Fourteenth Amendment, the Constitution outlaws the use of mental pressure or physical force to get a

Chae Chan Ping v. U.S., 130 U.S. 581 (1889) and Chinese Exclusion Act

Chinese first emigrated to the United States in large numbers in 1849, when they joined thousands of Americans and other foreign fortune-seekers in the ‘‘gold rush’’ to the American West.

Central Hudson Gas and Electric Corp. v. Public Service Commission of New York, 447 U.S. 557 (1980)

In 1973, when an oil embargo caused fuel shortages, the New York Public Service Commission issued a regulation prohibiting electric companies from advertising to promote electricity use.

Carroll v. United States, 267 U.S. 132 (1925)

The Supreme Court has held that, under the Fourth Amendment to the Constitution, police officers must obtain a warrant to engage in a search or a seizure. . .

Carolene Products v. U.S., 304 U.S. 144 (1938)

This relatively minor case is remembered not for the issue supposedly before the Court, but for a footnote that in the eyes of many scholars launched a constitutional revolution.

Carey v. Population Services International, 431 U.S. 678 (1977)

Whether, and to what extent, minors should enjoy the same constitutional rights as adults is one of the most vexing and unsettled questions of constitutional law.

Capitol Square Review and Advisory Board v. Pinette, 515 U.S. 753 (1995)

Capitol Square is a 10-acre, state-owned plaza surrounding the statehouse in Columbus, Ohio.

Cantwell v. Connecticut, 310 U.S. 296 (1940)

Jehovah’s Witnesses believe proselytizing is an essential part of their faith and, therefore, a religious obligation.

Camara v. Municipal Court of the City and County of San Francisco, 387 U.S. 523 (1967)

The Fourth Amendment’s requirement that the government obtain a warrant before any search or seizure of private property is well established for criminal investigations.

California v. Trombetta, 467 U.S. 479 (1984)

In Trombetta, the Supreme Court held that the Fourteenth Amendment due process clause does not require the government to preserve evidence that could potentially be useful to a criminal defendant.

California v. Ramos, 459 U.S. 1301 (1982)

People who disagree about something can be induced to set aside their disagreement to unite against a common enemy.

California v. LaRue, 409 U.S. 109 (1972)

When a commercial activity requires a license or permit from a government, can a state use this authority to regulate ‘‘expression’’ even if aspects of the conduct do not meet the Roth standard of obscenity?

California v. Greenwood, 486 U.S. 35 (1988)

In California v. Greenwood, the police searched a defendant’s garbage bags left on the curb.

California v. Acevedo, 500 U.S. 565 (1991)

The Fourth Amendment’s protection against unreasonable searches generally requires law enforcement to obtain a search warrant before initiating a search.

Calero-Toledo v. Pearson Yacht Leasing Co., 416 U.S. 663 (1974)

Federal and state laws authorize the government to seize and forfeit property that is ‘‘tainted’’ by its connection to specified crimes.

Calder v. Bull, 3 U.S. 386 (1798)

The Connecticut legislature enacted a resolution granting a new hearing in a probate trial.

Cain v. Kentucky, 387 U.S. 319 (1970)

In a per curium decision, based on Redrup v. New York (1967), the Supreme Court disposed of Cain v. Kentucky and reversed Kentucky’s ban of public showings of the film ‘‘I, A Woman.’’

Byers v. Edmondson, 712 So.2d 681 (1999) (‘‘Natural Born Killers’’ Case)

The judgment rendered concerns the issue of whether the film Natural Born Killers is protected speech under the First Amendment, that is, should movie producers, directors, and studios be responsible for encouraging criminal behavior?

Butler v. McKellar, 494 U.S. 407 (1990)

When the Supreme Court decides a case in a way that alters the constitutional rights available to a criminal defendant, can prisoners who have already completed their appeals benefit from that case through a petition for a writ of habeas corpus?